Archive for the ‘QoS’ Category

QoS and where and what can be marked (MQC)

Montag, August 14th, 2006

QoS means, to give certain types of traffic in a network priority above other types of traffic or to garanty certain functionallity. And this could be done on many different kind of architectures.
But dependend on the type of traffic QoS can only be used, when certain demands are satisfied. That means, there has to be at least one field in the header of a packet.

Here is a list of Marking Fields

Field Location Length

IP Precedence (IPP) IP header 3 bits

IP DSCP IP header 6 bits

DS field IP header 1 byte

ToS byte IP header 1 byte

Cos ISL and 802.1Q header 3 bits

Discard Eligible (DE) Frame Relay header 1 bit

Cell Loss Priority (CLP) ATM cell header 1 bit

MPLS Experimental MPLS header 3 bits

Cisco has decided to give a more general approach to QoS with the Modular QoS CLI (MQC). This client defines a common set of configuration commands for the definition of for QoS features on a router or switch.

Cisco is in favor of configuring with MQC.

There are three steps that have to be configured within a MQC based setup.

  1. class-map for matching packets into service classes, the match command can include QoS fields, ACL’s and MAC addresses, the match name is case sensitiv, the match any command matches any packet
  2. policy-map PHB actions configured under policy-map
  3. service-policy enabled on an interface

Here is an example:

class-map match-all SMTP-FROM-SERVER1
match access-group name

policy-map CBWFQ
bandwidth 256

interface s0/0
bandwidth 512
service-policy output CBWFQ

ip access-list extended SMTP-FROM-SERVER1
permit tcp host eq smtp any

Here the SMTP protocol is serviced with CBWFQ at interface serial0/0.

The class-map command is one of the new MQC based tools for classifying packets.

It possible to match many different kind of options. Including QoS fileds, ACL’s and MAC addresses. Be carefule the map names are case sensitiv.

Multiple match commands can be used in a class-map. The following points need to be considered.

  1. Four CoS and IPP or eight DSCP values can be listed on a single match cos, match precedence, or match dscp command.
  2. if a class map matches with multiple match commands, the match-any or match-all parameter on the class-map command defines whether a logical OR or a logical AND is used between the match commands. match-all means AND logic between the parameters, for example: class-map match-all name, match cos 3 4, means to match 3 and 4. With match-any only one match parameter has to be true for the rule to match. So 3 or 4 would suffice.
  3. The match class name command is nesting the name of another class map logicaly.

Here is a nesting example:

class-map match-all nesting
match access-group 101
match precedence 10

class-map match-any morenesting
match class nesting
match cos 10